Glossary of teleworking terms (1/2)

  • Economically dependent self-employed (TRADE): an individual working freelance but economically dependent on a legal or natural person being the one who invoices more than 75% of its sales to a single customer. In countries such as the United Kingdom, Italy or the USA this concept is usually called “contractor”.
  • EU Citizen Registration Certificate: a document that recognizes the right of a European Union citizen to reside in another member state or in another state part of the European Economic Area.
  • Co-employment: a contractual relationship in which a company and a professional employer organization (PEO) share certain job responsibilities. This arrangement is advantageous for organizations that want to mitigate some of the costs and liability associated with being an employer.
  • Contractor: independent professionals who provide services to a particular company.
  • Coliving: space that combines a workplace and a home. It's designed for temporary stays of digital nomads. For example, it can be a coworking included hotel.
  • Bilateral agreements: agreements between two states (between two parties) that regulate a certain situation or put an end to a dispute.
  • Coworking: shared office space where collaboration and networking outside the team is encouraged.
  • Offshoring: the practice of reassign tasks and company's responsibilities to workers abroad.
  • Employer of Record (EOR): legal employer; it's a company based in the country where the employee is going to work, from which it can directly hire the worker in that country in accordance with local regulations, taking care only of the legal aspects of the employee.
  • Schengen Area: an area comprising 26 states, allowing its citizens to move freely to live, work and circulate through the area without internal controls or borders.
  • E-Work: E-Work is a method of working using information and communication technology in which the work is not bound to any particular location. Traditionally this has been understood as working remotely away from the office, usually from home, either full-time or for a period during the working week.
  • Hubwork: An arrangement where an employee works from a hub close to or within their local community, either exclusively or some of the time.
  • Co-working: space is a shared office space where collaboration and networking outside of one’s team or organisation are encouraged.
  • Home Office: Refers to a work or office space set up in a person’s home and used exclusively for business on a regular basis.
  • Digital nomad: teleworkers that use the Internet for developing their work from all around the world, adopting a nomadic lifestyle that allows them to travel constantly.
  • Professional Employer Organization (PEO): type of human resources outsourcing, PEO performs various employee administration tasks, such as payroll and benefits management, on behalf of a company. They also have strategic services, and it is important to research providers and compare their capabilities.